Florida Highway Patrol, Hit and Run, Uncategorized

FHP promotes Hit-and-Run Awareness

Stay_at_Scene

From year to year, Florida has seen the amount of hit and run crashes remain steady, with nearly 25 percent of all crashes involving a hit and run. Although the majority of hit and run crashes only result in property damage, hit and run crashes can be deadly. The Stay at the Scene campaign aims to reduce the number of hit and run crashes in Florida by educating drivers on their responsibilities if involved in a crash and the serious consequences they face if they choose not to Stay at the Scene.

The penalties for hit and run drivers changed on July 1, 2014 when the Aaron Cohen Life Protection Act (section 316.027, Florida Statutes) was signed into Florida law. The statute is named after Aaron Cohen, a 31-year-old avid cyclist and father of two that was fatally struck by an alcohol impaired driver that fled the crash scene in February 2012 in central Florida. The hit and run driver was sentenced to two years in prison, a lesser sentence than what the motorist would have served had he been sentenced on a DUI manslaughter charge. The Aaron Cohen Life Protection Act imposes a mandatory minimum of 4 years for a driver convicted of leaving the scene of a crash resulting in a fatality.

HIT AND RUN PENALTIES

For more information, see Florida Statutes 316.061316.027.
Leaving the scene of the crash with:
PROPERTY DAMAGE Second Degree Misdemeanor
Up to 60 days in prison and $500 fine
INJURIES Second or third degree felony
Revoked license for at least 3 years
Up to five years in prison and $5,000 fine
FATALITIES First degree felony
Revoked license for at least three years
Mandatory minimum of 4 years in prison, up to 30 years in prison and a $10,000 fine

If you are involved in a crash, stay at the scene and call for help. It’s not just the law – you could save a life.

If you have information on a hit and run crash vehicle and/or driver, you can report it anonymously to Crime Stoppers.

____________________________________________________________

This article is a reprint of information provided by the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles (DHSMV) and its division of the Florida Highway Patrol in recognition of  Hit and Run Awareness Month.   In partnership with the Florida Police Chiefs Association, Florida Sheriffs Association and Florida Association of Crime Stoppers, the initiative seeks to reduce the number of hit and run crashes in Florida and encourage individuals to anonymously report information to solve hit and run investigations.

Distracted Driving, distressed driving, emotional driving, Stress, Stressful Driving

#Stress and #DistractedDriving

stressed driver

Stress, no matter the source, can lead to distracted driving.  The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Traffic Safety Facts April, 2019 Research Note reported that nine percent of fatal crashes in 2017 were reported as distraction- affected crashes, killing 3,166 people. The age group consisting of 15 to 19 year-olds had the largest proportion of drivers who were reported as being involved in distraction-affected crashes.

The NHTSA recently pinpointed stress, or driving under the influence of emotions – distressed driving – as a cause of as many as 80% of crashes involving distracted driving.  While distressed driving is not punishable under the law, it may have severe public safety consequences.

Stress is your body’s way of responding to any kind of demand or threat. When you sense danger—whether it is real or imagined—the body’s defenses kick into high gear in an automatic process known as the “stress response.” The body’s nervous system, however,  isn’t very good at distinguishing between emotional and physical threats. If you become super stressed over an argument, a work deadline, or a mountain of bills, your body can react just as strongly as if you are facing a true life-or-death situation.

According to the widely validated Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale, these are the top ten stressful life events for adults:

  • Death of a spouse
  • Divorce
  • Marriage separation
  • Imprisonment
  • Death of a close family member
  • Injury or illness
  • Marriage
  • Job loss
  • Marriage reconciliation
  • Retirement

Even if you have not experienced any of these, or are feeling overly happy, sad, angry, excited or sad, drivers can suffer from impairments that drastically reduce their safety on the road.

During #NationalStressAwarenessMonth that coincides with #DistractedDrivingAwarenessMonth, here are some tips on how to beat emotional stress that might render you a driving hazard:

1) Look after yourself physically
Stress raises your cortisol levels which have a big impact on your physical well-being as well as your emotional state. It’s important to remember to look after yourself in all the usual ways: getting enough sleep, eating well and taking regular exercise.

2) Learn to stop worrying
You can learn to recognize and treat rising feelings of anxiety. Some people get back aches when they are over-stressed, in others stress might manifest itself as pain in other parts of the body – these are signs that you are experiencing anxiety and body signals telling you to stop, recalculate and get going calmly down the right road again.

3) Challenge unhelpful thoughts
The way that we think about things has an impact on our mood, anxiety and stress levels. Many of these thoughts occur outside of our control and can be negative or unhelpful. It is therefore important to remember that they are just thoughts, without any real basis, and are not necessarily facts. Even though we may believe a lot of our unhelpful thoughts when we are feeling low, anxious or stressed, it is good to remember that they should be questioned, as they are often based on wrong assumptions.

blood alcohol concentration - BAC, blood alcohol levels - BAL, cannabis, Crashes and Collisions, Drug-Impaired Driving, Drunk Driving, DUI/DWI/OWI/OWAI, DUID, DWAI, FARS, fatalities, Field Sobriety Tests, Legislative Affairs, marajuana, medical marijuana, NHTSA, Road Safety Research, traffic fatalities, Traffic Safety, Victims of DUI

4/20 = a DUI will hit your wallet

marijuana_USA_March_2019

April 20th is known to many as 4/20, or “Weed Day”.  People around the world are celebrating the unofficial marijuana holiday by gathering for rallies, smoke-outs, policy discussions and thousands of other weed-centric events. The legal US cannabis market is currently valued at over $10 billion; “green stocks” are publicly traded, reporting strong sales since Canada legalized pot and several US states voted to approve recreational and medical marijuana use.

Cannabis has also gone mainstream thanks to big investments and partnerships between marijuana sellers and blue chip consumer companies. Experts are projecting it could grow to $100 billion in the US, and $1 trillion globally in the next five years. although prices have been dropping as competition has increased now that more states are legalizing marijuana for both medical and recreational use.  These include the overall prices for products such as ingestibles, topical creams, vaporizers/vape pens and pre-rolled joints.

The ‘‘Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018″, referred to as the 2018 Farm Bill,  legalized the production of hemp as an agricultural commodity while removing it from the list of controlled substances.  Industrial hemp is not marijuana, although it is a different variety of the same species. The bill listed hemp as a covered commodity under crop insurance and directed the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation board to streamline the process for developing hemp policies, and requires the secretary of agriculture to conduct a study of the hemp-related agricultural pilot programs and other agricultural and academic research on the subject, to determine the economic viability of a domestic hemp market.

Starting with Oregon in 1973, individual states began to liberalize cannabis laws through decriminalization. In 1996, California became the first state to legalize medical cannabis, sparking a trend that spread to over 30 states by 2017. In 2012, Colorado and Washington became the first states to legalize cannabis for recreational use. There still are no laws written specifically to address driving impaired while under the influence of cannabis and its associated products:

  • Marijuana is figuring into more fatal crashes overall. In 2013, drivers tested positive for the drug in about 10 percent of all fatal crashes. By 2016, it was 20 percent.
  • More drivers are testing positive for marijuana and nothing else. Of the drivers involved in fatal crashes in 2014 who tested positive for cannabinoids, more than 52 percent had no alcohol in their system. By 2016, it had grown to 69 percent.
  • The average age of drivers in deadly crashes in 2015 who tested positive for marijuana was nearly 35, with a quarter of them over 40.
  • In 2016, of the 115 drivers in fatal wrecks who tested positive for marijuana use, 71 were found to have Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, in their blood, indicating use within hours, according to state data. Of those, 63 percent were over 5 nanograms per milliliter, the state’s limit for driving.

Both alcohol and marijuana can affect a driver’s ability to think and solve problems, coordination, reaction time, judgment, memory and mood. While science has figured out just exactly how alcohol impacts the body’s organs, systems and functions, the same cannot be said of cannabis. Results of field sobriety tests, including blood and urine sampling as well as breathalyzers, can tell if a driver’s blood alcohol level is over the legal limit. No test can tell whether a driver is too high to drive because of smoking or inhaling, popping pills, eating or vaporizing cannabis products. Unlike alcohol, the active ingredients that cause the cannabis high can remain detectable in the blood stream for days or weeks; unlike alcohol, the impairment does not wears off in a matter of hours, and no amount of food intake will change the effects. Law enforcement officials, prosecutors and public policy makers concede there’s still too little information about marijuana and how it is detected to understand just how much the drug is affecting traffic fatalities.

Advocacy, ridesharing

#What’sMyName ride-sharing campaign aims for rider safety

What's_My_Name_signage

Uber is partnering with universities throughout the country to launch a national effort to help students learn how to safely use #ridesharing services. In addition to campuses designating pickup zones for riders, both Uber and Lyft have instituted new safety features on their ridesharing app and user policies. The initiative was inspired by the death of Samantha Josephson, a student who was kidnapped and murdered in March after getting into a vehicle that she believed to be her Uber ride.  The man charged with that horrendous crime was not affiliated with Uber.  Her death has raised awareness of safety concerns when people use ride-hailing services.

The “What’s My Name” campaign was launched in partnership with Josephson’s alma mater, the University of South Carolina.  Ride services provide the rider’s name to the driver while also providing the driver’s name and license plate number to the rider. Uber also features a push notification system to its app that will remind riders of the “Check Your Ride” steps just before their car arrives. The steps alert riders of the ways to make sure they are getting into the right car with the right driver by matching the license plate, make, model and color of the vehicle, and the driver’s name and photo to the details in the app.

What's my name video

Also being piloted at the University of South Carolina is a rides voucher program being developed by Uber to provide discounted services for students at times when other transportation options are limited or not available. The ride-sharing giant has also teamed up with the International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administrators to invest $100,000 in a partnership to educate college students about safety and “Check Your Ride” tips.

Advocacy, car crashes, Collisions, Crashes and Collisions, Distracted Driving, driving behaviors, fatalities, Head-on Collisions, Hit and Run, Multi-Vehicle Crashes, NHTSA, Rear-End Crashes, Road Safety Research, Texting and Driving, traffic fatalities, Traffic Safety

Put Your Phone Away or Get Ready to Pay – U Drive. U Text. U Pay.

UText_Campaign_info

Distracted driving has become a national epidemic—endangering passengers, adjacent vehicle occupants, motorcyclists and bicyclists, and nearby pedestrians. Distracted driving involves a range of activities, from texting or talking on the cell phone to adjusting the radio station, applying makeup, eating, chatting with other passengers, smoking or taking a sip of your drink…. anything that can distract a driver from the essential task of safe driving.

Texting has become one of the most common, pervasive forms of distracted driving, and too many drivers are succumbing to this deadly habit, illegal in all states and the District of Columbia except Arizona, Montana, and Missouri. April is DISTRACTED DRIVING AWARENESS MONTH and the U.S. Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is partnering with state and local officials to step up enforcement and catch distracted drivers.  From April 11 to April 15, the U Drive. U Text. U Pay. campaign will in full force as a national high-visibility effort to enforce distracted-driving laws. Consider the frightening statistics behind this dangerous trend:

• Between 2012-2017, nearly 20,000 people died in crashes involving a distracted driver.
• According to NHTSA, there were 3,166 people killed in motor vehicle crashes involving distracted drivers in 2017. While this reflects a 9 percent decrease from 2016 to 2017, there is still much work to be done. In the last six years, 9.5 percent of all fatal crashes involved a distracted driver.
• Texting while driving has become an especially problematic trend among younger drivers. In fact, in 2017, 8 percent of people killed in teen (15-19) driving crashes died when the teen drivers were distracted at the times of the crashes.
• According to NHTSA, young drivers 16- to 24-years-old have been observed using handheld electronic devices while driving at higher rates than older drivers since 2007.
• Female drivers with a cell phone have been more likely to be involved in fatal distracted driving crashes as compared to male drivers every year since 2012.
Safety Tips for Driving
• If you are expecting a text message or need to send one, pull over and park your car in a safe location. Once you are safely off the road and parked, it is safe to text.
• Designate your passenger as your “designated texter.” Allow them access to your phone to respond to calls or messages.
• Do not engage in social media scrolling or messaging while driving. Cell phone use can be habit-forming. Struggling to not text and drive? Put the cell phone in the trunk, glove box, or back seat of the vehicle until you arrive at your destination.
Put Your Phone Away or Get Ready to Pay
• When you get behind the wheel, be an example to your family and friends by putting your phone away. Texting and driving isn’t trendy “normal” behavior—it’s a selfish, deadly and, oftentimes, illegal activity that could kill you, a loved one, a friend, or a stranger.
• In 47 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, texting while driving is an illegal, ticketable offense. You could end up paying a hefty fine, and could get points on your license.
• If you see something, say something. If your friends text while driving, tell them to stop. Listen to your passengers: If they catch you texting while driving and tell you to put your phone away, put it down.

Remember, when you get behind the wheel, put your phone away and don’t get caught in the U Drive. U Text. U Pay. dragnet focused on making our roads safer for all.
For more information, visit http://www.trafficsafetymarketing.gov.

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Source:  National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation

Uncategorized

Hop in the back seat to enjoy National Beer Day on April 7th

Rides_on_Tap

Today is National Beer Day and the folks at Lyft have partnered with the Florida Brewers Guild for the ride smart to Florida breweries campaign.  The RIDES ON TAP code BEERDAY19 gives Lyft riders 50% off two rides (up to $5 each) to and from participating breweries.

Starting tomorrow, the FLGUILD19 code will get riders 25% off two rides (up to $5 each)to and from the same list of breweries, valid until July 6.

Look for your favorite brewery in the list of participating Florida breweries:
26 Degree Brewing Company / 7venth Sun Brewery / 81Bay Brewing Company / A Little Madness Brewing Company / Arkane Aleworks / Atlantic Beach Brewing Company /
Barrel of Monks Brewing / BeachFly Brewing Company / Beat Culture Brewery / Brew Bus Brewing / Broken Strings Brewery / Bullfrog Creek Brewing Co / Cage Brewing /
Caledonia Brewing / Calusa Brewing / Central 28 Beer Co / Cigar City Brewing / Concrete Beach Brewery / Craft Life Brewing /  Crooked Rooster Brewery /  Crooked Thumb Brewery / Cueni Brewing Co / Cypress & Grove Brewing Company / Daytona Beach Brewing Company / Deviant Wolfe Brewing / Dissent Craft Brewing Company / Due South Brewing Company /  Dunedin Brewery / Engine 15 Brewing Co / Escape Brewing Company / First Magnitude Brewing Co / Green Bench Brewing Co / Hell ‘n Blazes Brewing Co / Hidden Springs Ale Works / In The Loop Brewing / Ivanhoe Park Brewing Co / Leaven Brewing / Legacy Ale Works / Lemonstreet Brewing Company / Mad Beach Craft Brewing Company / Main & Six Brewing Company / Marker 48 Brewing / Mastry’s Brewing Co / Ology Brewing Co / Oviedo Brewing Company / Palm City Brewing /
Pareidolia Brewing Co / Park Pizza & Brewing Co / Pensacola Bay Brewery / Perfect Plain Brewing Co / Playalinda Brewing Company / Proof Brewing Company / Reve Brewing /
RockPit Brewing / Sanford Brewing Company / Six Ten Brewing / Spahr Brewing Company / Suncreek Brewery / Swamp Head Brewery / Swan Brewing / Tactical Brewing Company / Tampa Beer Works / Tarpon River Brewing / The Florida Brewery /
Veterans United Craft Brewery / Walking Tree Brewery / West Palm Brewery / Wicked Barley Brewing Company / Wops Brewing Company / Zephyrhills Brewing Company

Advocacy, car crashes, Collisions, Crashes and Collisions, Distracted Driving, driving behaviors, fatalities, Property Damage, Rear-End Crashes, Road Safety Research, teen drivers, traffic fatalities, Traffic Safety

Distracted Driving Deaths Have No Regard for Age

distracted_driving_monthDistracted Driving Awareness Month is a united effort among government agencies, public safety organizations and driver improvement enterprises to recognize the dangers of and eliminate preventable deaths from distracted driving.
Distracted Driving among Teens: How Can We Educate and Protect
Our Youth?“cited 3,000 teen deaths occur every year from texting and driving nationwide,  in addition to 300,000 injuries per year resulting from crashes involving texting while driving.  In fact, car crashes are the leading cause of death in drivers ages 16-19. Anything that causes a driver to take his or her focus off the tasks of driving  is a distraction.

THREE LETHAL DISTRACTIONS

Visual distraction –  taking your eyes are off the road, even for a few seconds
Manual distraction –  taking your hands are off the wheel
Cognitive distraction –  focusing on something other than driving

3_distractions

Texting while driving is a combination of all three of distractions. For a visualization of how far you can travel in five seconds, think the length of a football field – that’s a long distance to cover when you aren’t looking where you’re going.

Forty-seven states and Washington, D.C. have made texting while driving illegal. Besides avoiding a hefty fine, some as high as $500, resisting the urge to text can save lives. Even using a hands-free device is distracting for the driver, as it still limits a driver’s ability to operate a vehicle properly.  In the 2017 volume of Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, the “Mobile phone use while driving” literary review found 60 studies on mobile phone use, concluding that hands-free mobile phones do not provide greater safety than hand-held mobile phones. Additionally, the review identified four phases in the process of understanding the impacts of mobile phone while driving  including evidence that conversations with the driver are also deterrents to safe driving.  Much of the research points to the fact that it is equally important to have your mind free of distractions while driving.

To avoid distracted driving:

  • Set your phone or app to “driving” mode. This will automatically respond with a message while you’re driving.
  • Be mindful of when you contact your friends and family – don’t text or call someone if you know they are or could be driving.
  • Pull off to the side of the road if a cellphone must be handled (absolutely must respond to a text, GPS navigation tasks, etc.).

 

car crashes, Collisions, Crashes and Collisions, Distracted Driving, driving behaviors, Head-on Collisions, Hit and Run, NHTSA, Rear-End Crashes

No Fooling – April is Distracted Driving Month!

Distracted driving is any activity that diverts attention from driving, including talking or texting on your phone, eating and drinking, talking to people in your vehicle, fiddling with the stereo, entertainment or navigation system—anything that takes your attention away from the task of safe driving. Texting is the most alarming distraction.     NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMIN

Distracted Driving

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) reports that there were 37,133 people killed in motor vehicle traffic crashes on U.S. roadways during 2017.  Of these, 3,166 people were killed by distracted driving. Driving is the most complex activity the vast majority of Americans will engage in during any given day. A driver must know 1,500 separate skills to drive a car properly – you simply cannot drive safely unless the task of driving has your full attention. Any non-driving activity you engage in is a potential distraction and increases your risk of crashing.

It has been estimated by some researchers that for every mile that a vehicle travels, a driver will on average make 20 separate control decisions related to arriving at their destination.  It makes sense that the faster you go, the quicker you have to make driving decisions or completely overlook a critical decision entirely. Impaired drivers tend to make poor or no decisions while their car is in motion. In 35% of all fatal crashes, the driver took no action at all to avoid the collision prior to impact. You really don’t want to answer a cell phone at the same time you are driving, let alone when you have been drinking, taking any type of drugs – illicit, prescription or over-the-counter – or smoking marijuana. A mild- to moderately-intoxicated driver can easily become overwhelmed just driving, without any other distractions. Now add a cell phone and the attention one must pay to the conversation going on, especially distracting when emotions are involved and you got trouble!

The NHTSA found texting to be the most dangerous and alarming distraction on the road. Their research found that reading a text while driving at 55 miles per hour takes one’s eyes off the road the equivalent amount of time as driving across a football field blindfolded. Texting and driving absorb a driver’s visual, manual, and cognitive attention – creating the deadliest type of distraction on the road. Consider these sobering statistics:

  • Around 660,000 drivers use their cell phones while driving during daylight hours.
  • Texting and driving are six times more likely to cause an accident than drunk driving. Between 2012-2017, nearly 20,000 people died in crashes involving a distracted driver.
  • Texting while driving has become an especially problematic trend among younger drivers. In fact, in 2017, 8% percent of people killed in teen (15-19) driving crashes died when the teen drivers were distracted at the times of the crashes. Young drivers 16- to 24-years-old have been observed using handheld electronic devices while driving at higher rates than older drivers since 2007. Every day, 11 teenagers die from texting and driving accidents.
  • Female drivers with a cell phone have been more likely to be involved in fatal distracted driving crashes as compared to male drivers every year since 2012.
  • Texting and driving increase the risk of an accident by about 23 times.
  • Cell phone use is behind only drivers “being lost in thought” in causing the most distracted driving accidents.
  • About 25% of teenagers admit to answering texts once or more every time they drive.
  • Studies have proven that teens who text and drive veer out of their lanes around 10% of their total drive time.

On-the-job crashes cost employers more than $24,500 per crash, $150,000 per injury, and $3.6 million per fatality. And distracted driving caused by hand-held mobile device use is an emerging contributor to these accidents.  An AAA study found that using voice commands to send text messages and emails from behind the wheel, which is marketed as a safer alternative for drivers, actually more distracting and dangerous than simply talking on a cellphone.

Scientific studies have confirmed that even talking on a hands-free cell phone is just as distracting as holding one to your ear, suggesting it is the conversation that is distracting. Studies have also found that a conversation was more distracting to the driver if the passenger was under the age of 24.

Researchers found that individuals who listen to music over 95 decibels (very loud) causes the human brain’s reaction time to decrease by 25%.

Keep in mind that your response to a potential hazard on the road may just take you that much longer to react.

 

car insurance coverage, insurance, liability insurance, no-fault, underinsured, uninsured

Filing an Uninsured Motorist Claim

traffic crash

Every state has laws that require vehicles driven in the state carry a minimum amount of insurance, or Financial Responsibility, even if your vehicle is parked.  Drivers must carry evidence of financial responsibility in their vehicle at all times and it must be provided as specified below when requested by law enforcement,
renewing vehicle registration, or when the vehicle is involved in a traffic collision. Despite this requirement, there is always the possibility of being involved in an auto accident with an uninsured or under-insured motorist.

If the vehicle you are driving is struck by an uninsured motorist, you have the option of using coverage under your own auto insurance policy. This will only be applicable, however, if you carry uninsured motorist coverage.  It is worth noting that, unless you have specifically waived it, most policies of insurance carry this coverage.

Uninsured motorist coverage only applies when the other driver involved in the collision does not have any auto insurance. This type of coverage steps in and acts as though the other driver had coverage (in the amount you have chosen to carry).  Like any coverage, uninsured motorist coverage will generally cover the following:

  • A loss of income or future earning capacity,
  • Physical injury and pain,
  • Physical disfigurement,
  • Emotional distress and suffering,
  • The loss a quality of life,
  • Medical expenses, and/or
  • Medical care and post-accident therapy.

If you have paid the premiums for having uninsured motorist coverage, then you should be able to file a claim that can help you cover the costs associated with the crash and injuries sustained. If you have been involved in an auto accident where the other party did not carry auto insurance, you may consider filing an uninsured motorist claim. Many states have no-fault laws, and in cases of crashes, each driver or his/her insurance pays for that driver’s and his passengers’ injuries or damages,  matter who is at fault.

cannabis, marajuana, medical marijuana

Smoking marijuana proven to age the brain

cannabis

Although there are multiple indications that alcohol alters many physiological brain functions, including cerebral blood flow (CBF),  investigations have yet to evaluate how CBF changes after alcohol relate to subsets of subjects with elevated alcoholism risks, such as those with lower levels of response (LR) to alcohol – or how varying risks for alcohol use disorders (AUD) increase with a decreased CBF.

A study by the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease shows that smoking cannabis causes the brain to age by almost three years.  Weed was found to age the brain by 2.8 years, making it worse for the mind than both bipolar disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The result turned out to be even worse for schizophrenics, as their brains were found to age by an average of four year. For the study, researchers analyzed blood flow through 128 regions of the brain to determine how old they thought the individual was. Then they checked to see the chronological age of the person to be able to come to a conclusion on what was the effect that weed had on their brain, and how much it had aged. Speaking about the findings, lead study author Dr. Daniel Amen, warned against increased use of marijuana. “The cannabis abuse finding was especially important, as our culture is starting to see marijuana as an innocuous substance,” he said. “This study should give us pause about it.”

Can smoking cannabis have positive effects on the brain?  at least when it comes to feeling depressed and suicidal. A 2012 study from the Institute for the Study of Labor suggests that the passage of a medical marijuana law is associated with an almost 5% reduction in suicide rates – an 11% reduction in the suicide rate of age 20-29 males and a 9% reduction in the suicide rate of 30-39 males.

jackdanielscannabis   When it comes to side-effects, particularly in leading to fatalities, studies show it would take about 800 joints to kill someone, but it takes a fraction of that alcohol amount to kill a person.

Uncategorized

Does ride-sharing decrease traffic fatalities?

 

In Decemberuber_lyft of 2018, it was estimated that ride-sharing giant UBER had 75 million riders in 600 cities. Add the 18.6 million riders its closest competitor LYFT had at that same time, and that makes a lot of people refraining from getting behind the wheel. At the average cost of $10-$15, drinkers are more likely to call for a ride than risk getting a DUI driving home. It makes sense – the average DUI expenses for court costs, attorney fees and mandated drug and alcohol education, interlock devices and DMV expenses to get a driver’s license reinstated can exceed $10,000 for a first offense.  But more importantly, ride-sharing can save lives. Temple University researchers found  a significant drop in the rate of motor vehicle-related homicides, mostly involving driving while impaired, after the introduction of Uber services in California between 2009 and 2014. With the research data published in “Show Me the Way to Go Home” ht.ly/h78T30olSjZ by Brad N Greenwood and Sunil Wattal at the Fox School of Business, Temple University presented empirical work devoted to uncovering the societal benefits of ride-sharing. These findings have direct implications for policy makers and regulators by informing the ongoing debate regarding the legality of ride-sharing services, although a correlation between the use of these services and the prevention of traffic fatalities that might result from impaired driving is still unknown. The study, however, provided important insights into the potential benefits of ride sharing in terms of costs and decreasing fatalities on our highways and byways.